A Brief History of Pasig*
Like other human settlements built around water sources, Pasig was a
peaceful kingdom built around the river called Bitukang Manok before the
Spaniards came. Bitukang Manok was a part of today’s Pasig River. The
pre-Spanish communities were Malays, Chinese and the Tingues a
minority found in the forested mountains of Pasig.(1)

According to historians Dr. Lucio PR Santiago and Elizabeth Lolarga, the
kingdom was ruled by Dayang Kalangitan, wife of Gat Lontok. They had
four children: Dayang Panginoon who married Gat Balagtas of Sapa (now
Sta. Ana), Dayang Lahat, who married Gat Timog, Raha Salalila or Soliman
I of Maynila and Gat Kahiya. Soliman I would become the father of Raha
Matanda or Ache, Soliman II of Maynila and Lakan Dula of Tondo.

Bitukang Manok would play an important role in history but through the
years, it dried up, became a shallow and dirty estero called Parian Creek,
and is now gone, its dry beds home to various new structures, including
a McDonald’s and the Pasig Police Headquarters.
This copy of a print, with the Pasig
Church in the background, done in
the 18th century, is the oldest
available illustration of the
town.Fray Domingo Diez
constructed this stone bridge
called the Pariancillo Bridge (later,
Trillo Bridge) in 1742. It was
apparently donated by the Gremio
de Mestizos because it is built in
the style of a Chinese pagoda. It
connects the Pariancillo with the
town center.
Bitukang Manok flows
under the bridge. From the Pasig
Museum Collection
* This account is predominantly
based on the chronology of events in
Santiago, Luciano PR, and Elizabeth
Lolarga. "Pasig Milestones Through
the Centuries." Pasig. Ed. Virgilio
Lacaba. Araw ng Pasig Millenium Book
Committee, 2001. 2-16.
The Bitukang Manok marker, seen
from afar, also commemorates
the special role the river played
not just in Pasig but in the
country's history
The Bitukang Manok marker now
stands in the area where the foot
of the old Pariancillo Bridge used
to stand.
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M. Reyes Roque, Last Updated 9May2006  Email
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